Meaning-making of female genital cutting: children’s perception and acquired knowledge of the ritual.
Abstract: How do girls who have undergone female genital cutting understand the ritual? This study provides an analysis of the learning process and knowledge acquired in their meaning-making process. Eighteen participants were interviewed in qualitative indepth interviews. Women in Norway, mostly with Somali or Gambian backgrounds, were asked about their experiences of circumcision. Two different strategies were used to prepare girls for circumcision, ie, one involving giving some information and the other keeping the ritual a secret. Findings indicate that these two approaches affected the girls' meaning-making differently, but both strategies seemed to lead to the same educational outcome. The learning process is carefully monitored and regulated but is brought to a halt, stopping short of critical reflexive thinking. The knowledge tends to be deeply internalized, embodied, and morally embraced. The meaning-making process is discussed by analyzing the use of metaphors and narratives. Given that the educational outcome is characterized by limited knowledge without critical reflection, behavior change programs to end female genital cutting should identify and implement educational stimuli that are likely to promote critical reflexive thinking. More info →
Working to End Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting in Tanzania: The Role and Response of the Church
This study was designed based on quantitative and qualitative research methodologies to understand the current extent of FGM/C in the churches and communities of Mara, Singida and Dodoma Regions, including the nature and extent of the practice. More info →
Following a series of discussions on Islam and FGM/C with religious leaders in Kenyaâ€™s Somali-dominated North Eastern Province, scholars agreed that infibulation should end, but did not achieve consensus on other aspects of FGM/C. Continuing steps include mobilizing Imams as community advocates against FGM/C and engaging communities in group discussions about justifications for continuing the practice. More info →
This document presents the 2008 Demographic and Health Survey conducted in Egypt. It was undertaken to provide estimates for key population indicators including fertility, contraceptive use, infant and child mortality, immunization levels, maternal and child health, and nutrition. To obtain this information, a nationally representative sample of 16,527 ever-married women age 15-49 was interviewed. More info →