Internalizing Knowledge and Changing Attitudes to Female Genital Cutting/Mutilation.

Internalizing Knowledge and Changing Attitudes to Female Genital Cutting/Mutilation.

Abstract- The process of paradigmatic attitudinal change has been analyzed by the use of multimethods and multileveled internalization theories. Forty-six informants (a network of activists and a group of Gambian women) have described their change of attitude to female genital cutting. This study shows that internalizing a packet of information as adults, that contradicts an old schema of knowledge internalized as children, can be experienced as epistemologically very painful. Activists in Norway who have changed their attitude to FGC have got information from different educational institutions, from seminars and conferences, from work as interpreters in hospitals, and from discussions among families and friends. Information can be received, listened to and subsequently discarded. In order to design FGC-abandonment campaigns, the importance of the internalization process in order for the individual to make an attitudinal change must be understood. More info →
Obstetric consequences of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)

Obstetric consequences of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)

Background: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice that involves the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. This systematic review aimed to fi ll a gap in synthesized evidence of the obstetric sequelae of FGM/C. We included 44 primary studies, 28 of which compared groups of women with FGM/C to women with no or different types of genital modifi cations. More info →
Working to End Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting in Tanzania: The Role and Response of the Church

Working to End Female Genital Mutilation and Cutting in Tanzania: The Role and Response of the Church

This study was designed based on quantitative and qualitative research methodologies to understand the current extent of FGM/C in the churches and communities of Mara, Singida and Dodoma Regions, including the nature and extent of the practice. More info →
Cultural protection against traumatic stress: traditional support of children exposed to the ritual of female genital cutting.

Cultural protection against traumatic stress: traditional support of children exposed to the ritual of female genital cutting.

This study explores the factors addressed in folk psychology in The Gambia for protecting the girl-child from the potential traumatic stress of female genital cutting (FGC). More info →